Lot n° 62
20000 - 30000 EUR
Result with fees
The arrival of the liner Ile-de-France at the docks of New-York
Watercolour gouache, signed lower left
40 x 56 cm (on view)
ÎLE DE FRANCE Ile-de-France is a liner built in 1927 by the shipyards of Penhoët de Saint-Nazaire for the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique.
The liner is delivered on May 29, 1927 and starts its inaugural voyage between Le Havre and New York on June 22, becoming for a time the most beautiful liner on the Atlantic. The Île-De-France was nicknamed "The longest gangplank" in the United States during Prohibition, because alcohol flowed abundantly on board (it was forbidden on American liners) and thus made it possible to be immediately in France, the country of the "good life", well before arriving at destination. On board the liner, the carefree atmosphere of the Roaring Twenties and the inter-war period reigned. The liner continued its career without incident until the declaration of war on 3 September 1939.
Île-de-France was the first major French luxury ship project after the First World War. Quickly nicknamed the "Peace Street of the Atlantic", she opted for an Art Deco style. Many artists, architects and decorators collaborated in the creation of this new ambassador of the seas: Jean Dunand, René Lalique, Paul Landowski, Paule and Jules Leleu, Pierre Patout, Jacques-Émile Ruhlmann, Louis Süe, André Mare and Raymond Subes... Innovative in its technique, the ship represents at the time, the gastronomy and the art of living in the French way. Île-de-France had all the assets that ensured its triumph on the North Atlantic until the Second World War.
At each lunchtime and evening service, the 2,350 passengers on the Île-de-France could choose from 80 different dishes, while between meals, they could enjoy a wide range of entertainment, such as boxing matches, mini horse races and tennis matches.
A second life began for the ship during the war. Île-de-France joined the Free French Forces, then was requisitioned to transport troops and repatriate civilians from Indochina. He distinguished himself by saving 753 passengers from the Italian liner Andrea Doria, earning the nickname "Saint Bernard of the seas". In 1949, the liner makes a triumphant return on the Le Havre - New York line, after two years of works which deeply modernized her decoration and modified her silhouette. After 10 more years of service, she is finally sold in 1959 for dismantling to a Japanese company which, before her final destruction, rents her for the shooting of a disaster film, The Last Voyage.
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